Sonochemical synthesis of undoped and Co-doped ZnO nanostructures and investigation of optical and photocatalytic properties

Document Type : Articles

Authors

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Qom, Qom, Iran.

Abstract

In this paper, undopedZnO and Co-ZnOnano structureswith different molar ratio of Cobalt have been synthesized by the sonochemical method. Structure have been characterized by Fourier Transform (FTIR) and UV–Vis spectroscopy,Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Analytical X-Ray (EDAX), and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) methods. Moreover, the direct band gap has been calculated by Tauc’s approach.Moreover, mean crystal size has been estimated by Scherrerequaton. Furthermore, photocatalytic activity for all samples has been investigated under UV irradiation in an aqueous medium. Compared with pure ZnO, the band gap of the Co-ZnOhas been shown decrease and it is dependent on the content of dopants. Also, photocatalytic activity improves in the presence of cobalt dopant.

Keywords


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