Nano-peanut shell-OSO3H: Green and natural-based renewable nanocatalyst for one-pot synthesis of dihydropyrano[3,2-b]chromenedione derivatives

Document Type: Articles

Authors

1 Department of Chemistry, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, Firoozkooh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozkooh, Iran.

3 Department of Chemistry, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.

Abstract

Nano-peanut shell‑OSO3H nanoparticles were simply prepared and characterized by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and thermal analysis techniques (TGA/DTG). The catalytic activity of nano-peanut shell‑OSO3H was studied in the synthesis of biologically important 4H-pyran derivatives. The reaction involves the use of Kojic acid, 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione, and various benzaldehydes. A wide range of benzaldehydes is compatible in this reaction, producing excellent yields in a short time. The successful synthesis of dihydropyrano[3,2-b]chromenedione derivatives shows that nano-peanut shell‑OSO3H has high catalytic activity and can be effectively used as a green catalyst.

Keywords


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