Comparing activated carbon and magnetic activated carbon in removal of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate from aqueous solution by heterogeneous catalytic ozonation process

Document Type: Articles

Authors

1 Department of Environmental, School of Agriculture and natural resources, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.

2 Department of Chemistry, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.

3 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Abstract

Activated carbon from pine cone (PCAC) was used as a precursor to prepare Fe3O4/magnetic activated carbon (MPCAC). Here, the removal of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) was studied using catalytic ozonation process (COP) in exposure to MPCAC. Subsequently, it was compared with PCAC. Moreover, the effects of solution's initial pH, catalyst dosage, and the time of ozonation on the removal process were comparatively studied in reference to a sole ozonation process (SOP). According to the results of this study, compared with PCAC, degradability could be improved and initial concentration of LAS reduced by COP using MPCAC. Consequently, almost complete removal (>98%) of 25 mg/L of LAS was achieved under the optimum conditions (15 min ozonation time, 7 mg/min ozone flow, 0.3 g/L catalyst dosage and pH=10). Concluding, this nanocomposite is an effective active catalyst for mineralization and degradation of LAS in COP.

Keywords


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[2] M. Ghoochani, S. Shekoohiyan, A.H. Mahvi, J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 10 (2011) 464‑469.

[3] S. Sirisattha, Y. Momose, E. Kitagawa, H. Iwahashi, Water Res. 38 (2004) 61‑70.

[4] Z. Wang, B. Xiao, X. Wu, X. Tu, Y. Wang, X. Sun, Environ. Monit. Assess. 171 (2010) 501‑512.

[5] A. Mahvi, N.A. Nakhjavan, K. Naddafi, Horiz. Med. Sci. 10 (2004) 36‑41.

[6] A. Rostami-Vartooni, L. Rostami, M. Bagherzadeh, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 30 (2019) 21377‑21387.

[7] A. Rostami-Vartooni, A. Moradi-Saadatmand, M. Bagherzadeh, M. Mahdavi, Iran. J. Catal. 9 (2019) 27‑35.

[8] M. Nasrollahzadeh, S.M. Sajadi, A. Rostami-Vartooni, M. Alizadeh, M. Bagherzadeh, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 466 (2016) 360‑368.

[9] A. Rostami-Vartooni, M. Alizadeh, M. Bagherzadeh, Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 6 (2015) 2300‑2309.

[10] M. Nasrollahzadeh, S.M. Sajadi, A. Rostami-Vartooni, M. Bagherzadeh, R. Safari, J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 400 (2015) 22‑30.

[11] F. Riahi, M. Bagherzadeh, Z. Hadizadeh, RSC Adv. 5 (2015) 72058‑72068.

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[13] H. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Wang, P. Jiang, J. Zhang, Chem. Eng. J. 219 (2013) 295‑302.

[14] M. Sui, S. Xing, L. Sheng, S. Huang, H. Guo, J. Hazad. Mater. 227 (2012) 227‑236.

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[22] A.C. Lua, T. Yang, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 290 (2005) 505‑513.

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[30] L.C.A. Oliveira, R.V.R.A. Rios, J.D. Fabris, V. Garg, K. Sapag, Carbon 40 (2002) 2177‑2183.

[31] B. Divband, A. Jodaei, M. Khatamian, Iran. J. Catal. 9 (2019) 63‑70.

[32] S. Ghattavi, A. Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh, Desalin. Water Treat. 166 (2019) 92‑104.

[33] S. Dianat, Iran. J. Catal. 8 (2018) 121‑132.

[34] A. Eslami, A. Oghazyan, M. Sarafraz, Iran. J. Catal. 8 (2018) 95‑102.

[35] P.M. Alvarez, J.F. Garcia-Araya, F.J. Beltran, I. Giraldez, Carbon 44 (2006) 3102‑3112.

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[38] Y.H. Han, K. Ichikawa, H. Utsumi, Water Sci. Techn. 50 (2004) 97‑102.

[39] G. Asgari, F. Samiee, M. Ahmadian, Appl. Water Sci. 7 (2017) 393‑400.

[40] M. Leili, S.R. Mousavi, K. Nadafi, M. Ghaffari, J. Sabzevar. Uni. Med. Sci. (2013) 51‑61.

[41] G. Asgari, E. Hoseinzadeh, M. Taghavi, J. Jafari, Jundishapur J. Health. Sci. (2012) 21‑30.

[42] X. Liu, Z. Zhou, G. Jing, J. Fang, Sep. Purif. Technol. 115 (2013) 129‑135.

[43] M. Muruganandham, J. Wu, Catal. Commun. 8 (2007) 668‑672.

[44] N. Omrani, A. Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh, M. Alizadeh, Desalin. Water Treat. 162 (2019) 290–302.

[45] G. Moussavi, R. Khosravi, Bioresour. Technol. 119 (2012) 66‑71.

[46] J. Wu, H. Gao, S. Yao, L. Chen, Y. Gao, H. Zhang, Sep. Purif. Technol. 147 (2015) 179‑185.

[47] X. Qu, J. Zheng, Y. Zhang, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 309 (2007) 429‑434.

[48] J. Rivera-Utrilla, M. Sanchez-Polo, J. Hazard. Mater. 187 (2011) 1‑23.