A Nickel Sublayer: An Improvement in the Electrochemical Performance of Platinum-Based Electrocatalysts as Anodes in Glucose Alkaline Fuel Cells

Document Type : Articles

Authors

1 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Brigham Young University, C100 BNSN, Provo, Utah 84602, USA

2 Fuel Cell Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Platinum–nickel electrocatalysts supported on the modified carbon paper (MCP) were prepared by electrodeposition. Here, various procedures were applied for the electrodeposition of nickel and platinum particles, separately or simultaneously, on the surface of the MCP as an anode electrode for glucose alkaline fuel cells. The establishment of the best procedure for this fabrication is the main goal of this work. The obtained electrocatalysts were characterized by cyclic voltammetry, linear sweep voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results showed that the Pt/Ni electrocatalyst, electrodeposited from two separate solutions containing Ni and then Pt ions, has excellent electrocatalytic activity for the glucose oxidation reaction (GOR). On the other hand, the Pt/Ni/MCP electrode showed satisfactory repeatability when subjected to continuous cycling and less concentration polarization in the oxidation region of GOR (from -1 to 0.6 V vs. SCE). Also, the Pt/Ni/MCP electrode showed a significant increase in the exchange current density (0.95 mA cm-2) that accelerates the kinetics of the glucose oxidation reaction.These results indicate that modification of the catalyst layer structure in the present work is the most promising approach to achieve low-cost and efficient catalysts for use in glucose alkaline fuel cells.

Graphical Abstract

A Nickel Sublayer: An Improvement in the Electrochemical Performance of Platinum-Based Electrocatalysts as Anodes in Glucose Alkaline Fuel Cells

Highlights

 

  • Evaluation of the effects of Ni and Pt electrodeposition on glucose oxidation reaction (GOR) efficiency
  • Study of the layer-by-layer or simultaneous Ni and Pt electro-deposition on the electro-catalytic activity toward GOR
  •  Identification of the Pt/Ni/MCP electrode as the best electrode for GOR.

Keywords


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