Catalytic activity of immobilized Ag and Pd nanoparticles on the magnetic natural zeolite using Chrysanthemum morifolium flower extract in the reduction/decolorization of dyes

Document Type : Articles

Authors

1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Qom, Qom 3716146611, Iran

2 Reactor and Nuclear Safety School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, 81465-1589, Isfahan, Iran .

Abstract

In this study, Ag and Pd nanoparticles (NPs) were immobilized on natural zeolite and magnetized zeolite (Fe3O4/natural zeolite) by using an aqueous Chrysanthemum morifolium flower extract, as a green and low-cost method. Different techniques such as FTIR, XRD, FESEM, EDS, and VSM were used for the characterization of prepared nanocomposites. The FESEM and TEM images of nanocomposites showed that the quasi-spherical Ag and Pd NPs with mostly 20–50 nm particles size have successfully formed and are well dispersed on the supports surface. The effect of various parameters such as nanocomposite type, initial dye, NaBH4 concentrations, catalyst dose, and pH were studied in the catalytic reduction/decolorization of three organic dyes. In the absence of NaBH4 or catalyst, no color changes were observed even after 90 min. The reduction rates of the selected dyes in the presence of stable catalysts were found to be in an order of Pd/Fe3O4/natural zeolite > Pd/natural zeolite > Ag/Fe3O4/natural zeolite > Ag/natural zeolite > Fe3O4/natural zeolite.

Graphical Abstract

Catalytic activity of immobilized Ag and Pd nanoparticles on the magnetic natural zeolite using Chrysanthemum morifolium flower extract in the reduction/decolorization of dyes

Highlights

  • Preparation of Fe3O4/natural zeolite by co-precipitation reaction.
  • Immobilization of Ag and Pd NPs on the surface of natural zeolite and Fe3O4/natural zeolite nanocomposites using Chrysanthemum morifolium flower extract.
  • Characterization of prepared nanocomposites using FT-IR, XRD, FESEM, EDS and VSM.
  • Reduction of methylene blue, methyl orange and rhodamine B azo dyes at room temperature.

Keywords


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