Pistachio peel biomass derived magnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4@C-SO3H: a highly efficient catalyst for the synthesis of isoxazole-5(4H)-one, 1-amido alkyl-2-naphthol, pyrano[2,3-c]pyrazole and 2,3-dihydro quinazoline-4(1H)-one derivatives

Document Type : Articles

Authors

1 School of Chemistry, Damghan University Damghan, Iran

2 Institute of Biological Science, Damghan University Damghan, Iran

Abstract

Green chemistry has fostered research on recyclable, insoluble, and easily separable heterogeneous catalysts. Carbon materials are widely used for renewable energy and environmental studies. Here, we used green Pistachio peel, a biomass waste for the synthesis of magnetic carbon-based solid acid (Fe3O4@C-SO3H) by carbonization and sulfonation. The physicochemical properties of the nanocatalyst were characterized using XRD, FT-IR, FE-SEM, TGA, VSM, and TEM. The catalytic activity of Fe3O4@C-SO3H was investigated in the synthesis of isoxazole-5(4H)-one, 1-amido alkyl-2-naphthol, pyrano[2,3-c]pyrazole, and 2,3-dihydro quinazoline-4(1H)-one derivative, and some of the synthesized compounds were screened for their anti-microbial activity. Furthermore, the recovery and reuse of the catalyst were demonstrated six times without detectible loss inactivity. The concentration of H+ loaded on the Fe3O4@C-SO3H was reported to be 1.3 mmol g-1. The well-defined Fe3O4@C-SO3H core–shell heterostructures exhibited high stability, efficient recyclability (6 cycles).

Graphical Abstract

Pistachio peel biomass derived magnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4@C-SO3H: a highly efficient catalyst for the synthesis of isoxazole-5(4H)-one, 1-amido alkyl-2-naphthol, pyrano[2,3-c]pyrazole and 2,3-dihydro quinazoline-4(1H)-one derivatives

Highlights

  • we used green Pistachio peel, a biomass waste for the synthesis of magnetic carbon-based solid acid (Fe3O4@C-SO3H) by carbonization and sulfonation.
  • The physicochemical properties of the nanocatalyst were characterized using XRD, FT-IR, FE-SEM, TGA, VSM and TEM.
  • The catalytic activity of Fe3O4@C-SO3H was investigated in the synthesis of isoxazol-5(4H)-one, 1-amidoalkyl-2-naphthol, pyrano[2,3-c]pyrazole and 2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-one derivatives and some of the synthesized compounds screened for their anti-microbial activity.
  • The recovery and reuse of the catalyst was demonstrated 6 times without a detectible loss in activity.
  • clean reaction profiles, lack of side reactions, green synthesis, simple experimental procedure, excellent catalytic performance, easy preparation from waste biomass and simple magnetic attraction recovery process of the catalyst can be mentioned as the other advantages of this method.

Keywords


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